Varicose veins also known as Spider veins are dilated blood vessels that occur most frequently in the legs and cause pressure in the veins and in long-term, weakens and damages the vessel valves and walls.

Aging causes your veins to lose some of their elasticity. The valves inside your veins stop functioning as efficiently. This can cause varicose veins to develop.

The primary symptoms of varicose veins are highly visible, distorted veins, usually on your legs. People who suffer from it complain of pain, swelling, heaviness, and achiness over or around the enlarged veins.

Women are more likely to develop varicose veins. This may be because of the hormonal changes female bodies usually experience, such as menopause and pregnancy. Being overweight is also a major cause of developing varicose veins as it puts undue load on your circulatory system.

People who stand for long period of time during the day also have a high risk of developing varicose veins. Standing for a long period of time puts extra pressure on your veins to pump blood to your heart.

Those suffering from varicose or spider veins may notice skin discoloration near the varicose veins, usually brownish or blue in color and may experience leg cramps.

How to prevent and reduce the after effects of varicose veins?

Here are some tips that will help you to ease the situation or help you in keeping it under control.

  • Avoid standing or sitting for extended periods of time.
  • Lose weight or maintain a healthy weight.
  • Exercise to improve your circulation.
  • Use compression socks or stockings.
  • Take a healthy diet rich in fiber and low in sodium.
  • Elevate your legs whenever you’re resting or sleeping.
  • Quit smoking as studies have shown that the high blood pressure associated with smoking also helps cause varicose veins.
  • Practice Yoga as this can tremendously improve your condition.
  • Maintain a good posture.
  • Topical anti-inflammatory gel application can help in managing symptoms related to varicose veins such as pain, swelling, itching, and dryness.

If lifestyle changes aren’t working, or if your varicose veins are causing a lot of pain consult a Doctor and seek immediate medical care.